Belgrade has the reputation of one of the greenest capitals in Europe, because it has large oases of nature both in the center and on the outskirts of the city. In the forests at the periphery of Belgrade live dozens of species of rare birds. As the sights of nature, 182 individual trees have been listed and protected in Belgrade. The green assets of Belgrade cover an area of over 4 000 hectares.
Compared to the build area, Belgrade parks are small and unequally allocated among the municipalities. In the parks dominate high trees, mainly deciduous species. There is around 30 different deciduous trees: maple and chestnut, linden, sycamore, acacia, poplar, ash, birch, etc. From conifer trees there are mainly: pine, fir, larch, cypress, etc. The Belgrade parks are considered as young – around 80-90 of trees are younger than 60 years.
The oldest park is Topčider, formed in the valley of Topčider river. In the first half of 19th century this landscape was full of vineyards and weekend houses of wealthy people. In 1831 Knez Miloš Obrenović started arranging the park, along with building the house, church, restaurant and casern.
Topčider Park in Belgrade
The green and well-kept Topčider Park lies in the valley of the Topčider river. It represents one of the most favourite picnic sites for Belgrade inhabitants.
Košutnjak Hill in Belgrade
Košutnjak Hill is a forest and a park, as well as one of the outing areas Belgraders prefer. The evergreen and deciduous forest is crisscrossed by many forest trails.
Great War Island in Belgrade
This remains of former Danube wetlands is unique nature element in the centre of the city of Belgrade and protected as the "common good with extraordinary natural values" under the joint name "Big War Island".
Kalemegdan Park in Belgrade
Kalemegdan is one of the biggest parks in Belgrade. It is at the same time the most important cultural- historical complex dominated by the Belgrade fortress.
Botanical Garden "Jevremovac"
In the park of Botanical garden lies a huge number of various trees and bush species of domestic and exotic plants, which are arranged in a way that provides visitors the feeling of a natural environment.