Belgrade (Beograd) is the capital of Serbia having about 2 million inhabitants. Belgrade is situated in South-Eastern Europe, on the Balkan Peninsula. It lies at the confluence of the Sava and Danube Rivers in north central Serbia, where the Pannonian Plain meets the Balkan Peninsula. Belgrade is the capital of Serbian culture, education, science and economy. As a result of its tumultuous history, a lot nations have been living in Belgrade for centuries, and Serbs of Orthodox christian religion are the majority of population (90%). The official language is Serbian, while foreigners are recommended to use English in communication.
Belgrade is one of the oldest cities in Europe and since ancient times it has been an important traffic focal point, an intersection of the roads of Eastern and Western Europe. Its history lasts full 7000 years. The area around two great rivers, the Sava and the Danube has been inhabited as early as palaeolithic period.
Ancient sources provide the oldest known name for Belgrade - Singidunum. 6000 years long history - and the first written documents date back to the 3rd century B.C. The name of the settlement was preserved throughout the Roman rule. With the division of the Roman Empire in 395, Singidunum passed over to the Eastern Empire, i.e. Byzantium, and the name of the city gained a Greek sound: Singidunum became Singidon. Favored by the weaknesses in the defense of the Byzantine border, Slavs started frequently crossing the Danube in the 6th century and gradually settled in the area. The stone built fortress rising above the rivers was dubbed Beli Grad (white city). The first record of the Slavic name Beograd dates back to 878, during the rule of the First Bulgarian Empire.
Between the 16th and 19th century Belgrade is referred to with various names in different languages: Alba Graeca, Alba Bulgarica, Bello grado, Nandor Alba, Griechisch Weissenburg, Castelbianco... However, all these names are translations of the Slavic word Beograd.
The History of Belgrade
Belgrade, a city of very tumultuous history, is one of the oldest cities in Europe. The first human settlements on Belgrade soil developed as far back as 7000 years ago.
Culture in Belgrade
There is a huge range of cultural events to choose from in Belgrade, including FEST (Belgrade Film Festival), BITEF (Belgrade Theatre Festival) and Belgrade Beer Festival.
Religion in Belgrade
Belgrade has many valuable memorials of spiritual culture, churches, monasteries and other places of worship belonging to various different confessions.
Belgrade - City of the Future
In the competition European Cities and Regions of the Future 2006/07, organised by the Financial Times’ specialised magazine Foreign Direct Investment (FDI), Belgrade was voted a winner of the competition and declared the "City of the Future in Southern Europe".